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Samskrit Sadhuta Goodness of Sanskrit
Studies in Honour of Professor Ashok Aklujkar
Editor : Chikafumi Watanabe,
Co-Editor : Michele Desmarais, Yoshichika Honda,
Binding : Hardbound
10 Digit ISBN : 8124606315
13 Digit ISBN : 9788124606315
Edition : 1st edition
Year : 2012
Pages : xxiv, 591p.
Bibliographic Details : 3 coloured photographs; Index
Size : 25 cm
Price : $ 51

About The Book

Making many original contributions to our knowledge and literature — contributions based on deep thought, extensive research and literary acumen, Dr. Ashok Aklujkar has made a name for himself as a Sanskritist and Indologist. His reputation has been strengthened through frequent presentations in seminars and conferences in many parts of the world and teaching at high-class universities. He has also become known for personal attributes that matter very much for the creation of a successful teacher. It is in honour of this outstanding and world-renowned scholar and teacher that the present volume has been compiled and published.

Several leading and gifted scholars from across the world have contributed a wide range of interesting research articles to this special volume. The articles deal with major areas of Sanskrit and related studies such as philosophy, religion, linguistics, poetics, art and sociology. Here, as a befitting tribute to the scholarly interests and attainments reflected in the published works of Professor Aklujkar, essays exploring the complexities of Sanskrit grammars and Indic linguistic philosophy take the centre stage. However, care has also been taken to devote sufficient space to poetics and to the relationship between Sanskrit and Pali, which are the two other areas on which Professor Aklujkar has focused from time to time.

In this collection of absorbing articles authored by senior and well-known scholars, articles of several young scholars of considerable merit appear alongside almost in an equal measure; the latter too have offered the fruits of their original and critical work.

The result: a panorama of interesting readings that introduce the reader to the unique diversity and richness of Sanskrit from various vantage points.

Book Contents


The Patravidhi: A Lakuliœa Paœupata Manual on Purification and Use of the Initiate’s Vessel


God’s Place in the Six Orthodox Systems


Ideology and Language Identity: a Buddhist Perspective


Bhattoji Dikshita and the Revival of the Philosophy of Grammar


The Role and Import of the Metalinguistic Chapters in the New Paninian Grammars


A Note on Vakyapadiya 1.45/46: atmabhedas tayoh kecid…


On “Hindu” Bioethics


Some Observations on Buddhism and Lexicography


Some Probable Sanskrit Sources of the Pali Grammarians with special reference to Aggavamsa


Bhattoji Dikshita’s Perceptions of Intellectual History: Narrative of Fall and Recovery of the Grammatical Authority


Close Relations: Pandits, Pedagogy and Plasticity


Sentence Meaning as a Causal Process


Bengali Vaishnava Aesthetics


Exocentric (bahuvrihi) Compounds in Classical Sanskrit


The Art of the Philosopher: Painting and Sculpture as Metaphor


I Wanna Be a Brahmin Too. Grammar, Tradition and Mythology as Means for Social Legitimisation among the Vaidyas in Bengal


Historical Significance of the Definition of Universal in the Vyomavati


Grammar & Other Modes of the Mind


Blue Smoke: Perceptual Judgment in the Determination of Causal Nexus


Is Killing Bad? Dispute on Animal Sacrifices between Buddhism and Mimamsa


A Critical Edition of the Ishvarapratyabhijnavimarshinivyakhya on the mangala verse of the Ishvarapratyabhijnavimarshini


Abstraction (apoddhara) Theory and a Sentence Meaning: A Study of the Vritti on VP 2.39


The Implicit Audience of Legal Texts in Ancient India


Rasa after Abhinava


Avid Mathematician and the Spurned Wife: A Motif from the Dhammillahimdi


A Textual Variant in the Aitareyopanishad and Its Overlooked Significance for the Position of Women in Hinduism


Abhisamayalamkara 2.20: on the Difference Between stobha in the Samaveda and Prajnaparamita


Observations on yogipratyaksha


Cognition and Language: A Discussion of Vakyapadiya 1.131 with Regard to Criticism from the Buddhists


Bhartrhari’s Views on Liminal Perception and Self-Awareness


Gangesha on the Meaning of Verbal Suffixes (2)


Madhyamakahrdayakarika III. 147–158


Tradition and Reflection in Kumarila’s Last Stand against the Grammarians’ Theories of Verbal Denotation


Comment By Nabanarayan Bandyopadhyay
Appeared in Vedic Studies (Journal of the School of Vedic Studies), Vol. VI: 2014

To honour distinguished scholars and excellent teachers is an age-old universal practice. Some beautiful lines in Sanskrit like acaryadevo bhava, vidvan sarvatra pujyate, pratibadhnati hi shreyah pujyapujavyatikramah, etc. can be remembered in this context. Such is an outstanding scholar Professor Ashok Nathar Aklujkar, M.A. (Sanskrit Univerisity of Poona, 1964) Ph.D. (Harvard University, 1970). He had the long experience of teaching at the University of Illionois, Michigan State University, University of British Columbia, etc. and was visiting Professor at Hamburg, Marburg, Harvard, Rome, Kyoto, Paris and Oxford universities. He has won many academic or professional awards and distinctions. He has authored a number of books, monographs, papers, articles, reviews, etc. (see the list, pp. xi-xxi). Professor Aklujkar’s credit goes to the study and research pertaining to various subjects like Sanskrit grammar and philosophy, Indian philosophy, Classical Sanskrit literature, manuscriptology, pedagogy, etc. So it is undoubtedly befitting that the present volume containing learned papers has been published to felicitate Prof. Aklujkar in recognition of his great contribution to lndology in general and Sanskrit in particular. The editors of this volume are worthy to be congratulated for this superb publication.
This Fetschrift contains 33 papers relating to wide range of topics, broadly speaking, philosophy, religion, linguistics, poetics, art and sociology. Discussion on philosophy can be found in the respective papers contributed by Krishna S. Arjunwadkar on God’s place in the six orthodox systems, Katsunori Hirano on definition of universal in Vyomavati, Yohei Kawajiri on a critical edition of the Ishvarapratyabhijna-vimarshinivyakhya, Raffaele Torella on observations on Yogipratyaksha, Kyo Kano on blue smoke, Kiyotaka Yoshimizu on tradition and reflection in Kumarila’s last stand against the grammarians’ theories of verbal denotation, Chikafumi Watanabe on Madhyamakahridayakarika III.147-18, Toshihiro Wada on Gangesha on the meaning of verbal suffixes, etc.
Critical observations on language and grammar can be seen in the papers respectively written by Shrikant S. Bahulkar and Mahesh A. Deokar on Buddhist perspective of ideology and language identity, Johannes Bronkhorst on Bhattoji Dikshita and the revival of the philosophy of grammar, Maria Piera Candotti on the role and import of the metalinguistic chapters in the new Papinian grammar, George Cardona on a note on Vakyapadiya 1.45/46, Lata M. Deokar on some observations on Buddhism and lexicography, Mahesh A. Deokar on some probable Sanskrit sources of the Pali Grammarians, Madhav M. Deshpande on Bhattoji Dikshita’s perception of intellectual history, Brendan S. Gillon on exocentric compounds in Classical Sanskrit, Jan E.M. Houben on grammar and other modes of the mind, Hideyo Ogawa on abstraction theory and sentence meaning in Vakyapadiya 2.39, Takamichi Fuji on sentence meaning as a casual process, Toshiya Unebe on cognition and language with reference to Vakyapadiya 1.131, Vincenzo Vergiani on Bhartrihari’s views on liminal perception and self-awareness, etc.
Analytical studies on religion, poetics, art, sociology pedagogy, etc. are available in the respective papers authored by Rahul Peter Das on Hindu bio-ethics, M. Michele Desmarais on Pandits, pedagogy and plasticity; Edwin Gerow on Bengali Vaishnava aesthetics, Phyllis Granoff on the paining and sculpture as metaphor, Pascale Haag on social legitimisation among the Vaidyas in Bengal, Kei Kataoka on the dispute on animal sacrifice between Buddhism and Mimamsa, Patrick Olivelle on the implicit audience of legal texts in ancient India, Sheldon Pollock on rasa after Abhinava, Sreeramula Rajeswara Sarma on avid mathematician and the spurned wife, Arvind Sharma on a textual variant in the Aitareyopanisad, Gareth Sparham on the difference between stobha in the Samaveda and Prajnaparamita, etc.
The above-mentioned papers are written by the renowned senior and meritorious junior scholars across the globe. Judging from the quality of papers, it can truly be said that they have contributed immensely to the stock of human knowledge concerning specially philosophy, language, grammar, literature, history, art, etc. The papers are very informative, critically analysed and carefully edited. This well bound and nicely printed felicitaion volume will be heartily welcome by all scholars and students of Sanskrit and Indological studies. We all sincerely wish peaceful, healthy and long life of Professor Aklujkar and look forward to seeing more valuable contributions from him in coming years.

Comment By Eivind Kahrs, University of Cambridge
Appeared in Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Vol. 77-1, 2014

This volume in honour of Professor Ashok Aklujkar contains thirty-three contributions by scholars from all over the world. They are arranged alphabetically, according to the surname of the author. Unfortunately, in a brief review such as this it is not possible to do justice to all of them, in fact to any of them. Moreover, the papers span a wide range of topics. The first is Diwakar Acharya’s “The Patravidhi: A Lakulisa Pashupata Manual of Purification and Use of the Initiate’s Vessel”, the last Kiyotaka Yoshimizu’s “Tradition and Reflection in Kumarila’s Last Stand against the Grammarians’ Theories of Verbal Denotation”, both of them excellent. It would thus make some sense to approach this wealth of material according to a rough grouping of topics.
The core of Ashok Aklujkar’s scholarship has always been Vyakarana, indigenous Indian linguistics and philosophy of language. Several contributions are in these areas, and, not surprisingly, there are some on Bhartrhari’s Vakvapadiya, Ashok Aklujkar’s primary area of research. George Cardona’s “A Note on Vakyapadiya 1.45/46: atmabhedas tayoh kecid...” raises important issues for determining whether the author of the Vritti and the author of the Vakyapadiya verses were one and the same. Vincenzo Vergiani’s “Bhartrhari’s Views on Liminal Perception and Self-awareness” is conveniently supplemented by Toshiya Unebe’s “Cognition and Language: A Discussion of Vakyapadiya 1.131 with regard to Criticism from the Buddhists”. Hideyo Ogawa’s “Abstraction (apoddhara) Theory and a Sentence Meaning: A Study of the Vritti on VP 2.39” provides a detailed analysis of both the Vritti and Punyaraja’s commentary on Vakyapadiya 2.39 and concludes that Punyaraja could not have read the Vritti on this verse. Three papers focus on the so-called “new grammarians”. Madhav M. Deshpande’s “Bhattoji Diksita’s Perceptions of Intellectual History: Narrative of Fall and Recovery of the Grammatical Authority” attempts to determine how Bhattoji situates himself in relation to early Paninian grammar on the one hand, and his immediate predecessors and contemporaries on the other. Deshpande suggests that sectarian differences may have played a role in the friction between the clans of Bhattoji and Shesha Krishna. Johannes Bronkhorst’s contribution “Bhattoji Diksita and the Revival of the Philosophy of Grammar” shows how Bhattoji and Kaunda Bhatta made good use of the sphota theory to provide a grammarians’ solution to the problem that accompanied the semantic analysis of the sentence known as shabdabodha. In “The Role and Import of the Metalinguistic Chapters in the New Paninian Grammars”, Maria Piera Candotti shows how such grammars as the Siddhantakaumudi and the Prakriyasarvasva generate not only the forms of the Sanskrit language, but also, by the use of certain devices, its own metalanguage.
There are several other papers on linguistic topics. Brendan Gillon provides a penetrating analysis of bahuvrihi compounds in “Exocentric (bahuvrihi) Compounds in Classical Sanskrit”. In “Grammar and Other Modes of the mind” Jan E.M. Houben discusses learned reflections on the place of grammar in a larger framework of philosophical and religious thought. Takamichi Fujii’s “Sentence Meaning as a Causal Process” gives a useful presentation of how the Paninian tradition treats sentence meaning structure, and proceeds to show how Mimamsa scholars such as Kumarila made inquiries into the nature of intentional action, and how, on that basis, they developed a general linguistic theory regarding sentence meaning. Linguistic studies relating to Buddhism are provided by Shrikanth S. Bahulkar and Mahesh A. Deokar’s “Ideology and Language Identity: A Buddhist Perspective”, Lata M. Deokar’s thoughtful paper “Some Observations on Buddhism and Lexicography”, and Mahesh A. Deokar’s “Some Probable Sanskrit Sources of the Pali Grammarians with Special Reference to Aggavamsa”, which concludes that the commentaries on the Katantra are the most probable sources of the Pali grammarians. Further contributions on Buddhist topics are provided by Gareth Sparham’s “Abhisamayalamakara 2.20: On the Difference Between Stobha in the Samaveda and Prajnaparamita” and Chikafumi Watanabe’s “Madhyamakahridaya-karika III. 147-158”.
There are several papers in various areas of Indian philosophy: Toshihiro Wada’s “Gangesha on the Meaning of Verbal Suffixes (2)”, Katsunori Hirano’s “Historical significance of the Definition of Universal in the Vyomavati”, Raffaele Torella’s “Observations on yogipratyaksha”, Krishna S. Arjunwadlcar’s “God’s Place in the Six Orthodox Systems”, Kei Kataoka’s “Is Killing Bad?: Dispute on Animal Sacrifices between Buddhism and Mimamsa”, and Kyo Kano’s “Blue Smoke: Perceptual Judgment in the Determination of Causal Nexus” which deals with Jnanashrimitra’s analysis of the issues in question. Yohei Kawajiri has provided “A Critical Edition of the Ishvarapratyabhijnavimarshinivyakhya on the Mangala Verse of the Ishvarapratya-bhijnavimarshini”.
Among the contributions in the area of aesthetics we find Edwin Gerow’s “Bengali Vaisnava Aesthetics”, Phyllis Granof’s “The Art of the Philosopher: Painting and Sculpture as Metaphor’, and Sheldon Pollock’s “Rasa after Abhinava”, a paper that has been waiting to be written. The remaining contributions are roughly in the areas of society and law: Rahul Peter Das’ “On ‘Hindu’ Bioethics”, Pascale Haag’s “I Wanna be a Brahmin Too: Grammar, Tradition and Mythology as means for Social Legitimisation among the Vaidyas of Bengal”, Shreeramula Rajeswara Sarma’s “Avid Mathematician and the Spurned Wife: A Motif from the Dhammillahimdi”. Patrick Olivelle’s “The Implicit Audience of Legal Texts in Ancient India”, Arvind Sharma’s “A Textual Variant in the Aitareyopanisad and its Overlooked Significance for the Position of Women in Hinduism” and, finally, Michele M. Desmarais’ “Close Relations: Pandits, Pedagogy and Plasticity”, which is a direct response to Ashok Aklujkar’s own paper from 2001, “The Pandits from a Pinda-brahmanda Point of View”.
The volume also contains a brief biography of Professor Aklujkar and a useful bibliography of his published work. The editors and D.K. Printworld deserve a great deal of credit for bringing out such a rich and well-produced volume that amply testifies to the esteem in which Professor Aklujkar is held in the realm of Sanskrit and Indian studies.

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